A Quick Scan on Indian Cinema: Then and Now

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A century prior, on third May 1913, the legendary Dhundiraj Govind Phalke affectionately known as Dadasaheb Phalke, discharged India’s above all else epochal film Raja Harishchandra. In those days, none, of these the pioneer film creator who later was sobriqueted as the father of Indian silver screen nor the exhibitors understood that this film would be the start of a progressive broad communications diversion which would grasp lakhs in influence for the ensuing 100 years.

The French may have spearheaded the hypothesis of moving pictures, the British may be the heralds all the while, however nobody ever imagined that the alleged Indians would ace the craft one day and happen to create the biggest and greatest motion picture industry on the planet. Notwithstanding the immense social, social, political and financial contrasts, the Indian Cinema (now Bollywood) withstood all the test of time to make a history in the previous 10 decades. On the off chance that you witness it in a constant request, you’ll see it is nothing less than a marvel unleashed!

Feel of Indian Cinema

While the West displayed extraordinary films in expressionist structure, Indians were never impacted by expressionist silver screen. In the quiet time (up till 1931), Indians kept making film confined predominantly to mythology and history. Truth be told, Indian movies were the imitations of overall preferred stage shows of that time. Thusly, Indian film from the earliest starting point supported its peculiarity.

After Raja Harishchandra, a few producers in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) started making noiseless movies. By mid 1920s few generation houses were set up in these two spots.

Before long, the soundless age went to its last/shutting stage when Ardeshir Irani made his and India’s most importantly talkie film, ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931. The film was a tremendous hit. The film had dialogs in it as well as tunes. Individuals, who have viewed the motion picture in its unique structure in those days, say that it had a larger number of melodies than dialogs. From 1931 to 40s numerous noticeable vocalists like Kundanlal Saigal, Kurshid, Punkaj Mullick, Kannan Devi, Uma Devi, Anil Biswas, Saraswathi Devi and Parul Ghosh improved films with their pleasant voices. What truly made Indian films emerge from the west or assorted different silver screens was mostly this special practice of incorporating tunes in motion pictures, a practice which has persisted till date and maybe will go on for eternity.


The Revolution

The 40s was a turbulent stage; the starting half was pillaged by the Second World War while the later half saw amazing political and radical changes the whole way across the globe. In the midst of the war discharged “Kismet” in 1945 featuring the incredible star, Ashok Kumar which again happened to turn into one of the real hit. It is one of greatest achievement ever. The motion picture had some striking topics which the Indian groups of onlookers had not seen before – The first scoundrel and a pregnancy preceding marriage. It noticeably showed that the Indian producers were strong enough than the age in which they were relaxing. Throughout this time, a nearby connection between specialty of movies and blockbuster awareness was time-regarded. It was fundamentally against this milieu that moviemakers like Bimal Roy, V.shantaram, Mehboob Khan and Raj Kapoor created their films. In the in the mean time, the business made quick strides down in the Deccan also, where Telugu, Tamil and Kannada films were charming South by its snowstorm. Before the end of forties, films were being discharged in differing Indian tongues with religious conviction being the predominating topic.

40s to late 50s additionally saw the brilliant time of tune arrangement. S.d. Burman, Shankar Jaikishan, Naushad, C. Ramchandra, O.p. Nayyar, Madan Mohan and Salil Chaudhury – everybody had their particular style. Each of them helped make cherished bits of music which India is unmistakable for.

Next, came the brilliant time of Indian Cinema – the 50s and the 60s. Movie producers like Guru Dutt, Satyajit Ray, Bimal Roy, Ritwik Ghatak, Mehboob Khan, Raj Kapoor, K Asif who happened to create excellent films likedo Bheega Zameen, Pather Panchali, Shree 420, Mother India, Awaara, Madhumati, Pyasa and Mughal-E-Azam, alongside a few others.

The 70s were completely distinctive. This stage saw an enormous change in the stories, account style. Moving mutual standards, economies and most essentially, innovation changed the Indian film industry as well. This was the time of Deewar, Anand, Zanjeer and Sholay where Amitabh Bachchan, Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra, Waheeda Rahman, Hema Malini, Smita Patil and Rekha happened to turn into the country’s heartthrob. Yes, the first superstar of the country, Rajesh Khanna was from this time.

Throughout this stage when Indian business film was picking up all its consideration from the groups of onlookers at home, a few craftsmanship movies made by Satyajit Ray, Shaji Karun, Shyam Benegal, Aravindan, Ritwik Ghatge and Adoor Gopalkrishnan were making motion pictures that gave Indian Cinema a face at the global level. Indian film was likewise taken to provincial India through LED projectors.

80s saw the entry of ladies movie producers, for example, Aparna Sen (Parama, 36- Chouwringhee Lane), Meera Nair (Salaam Bombay) and Vijaya Mehta (RAO Saheb). It was that decade when sultry lover of the dance floor,  Rekha tempted the onlookers with her staggering execution in ‘Umrao Jaan’.

The Advent Of Technology

Welcome to the advanced period of the Indian Film Industry, the 1990s. Progressed enhancements, Dolby computerized sound, changes in choreography-cinematography, screenplay and obviously International advance. It was the time of moving the concentrate on stylish bid through and through. Yes, this was the begin of the vocation of huge numbers of our primate on-screen characters now – Aamir Khan, Salman Khan, Shahrukh Khan (SRK), Madhuri Dixit, Akshay Kumar and Juhi Chawla. The year 2000 began with a blast with Hrithik Roshan alongside numerous other capable individuals.


The Indian film industry has seen a goliath change in scripts and film making as of late. Credits to the capable executives like Vidhu Vinod Chopra, David Dhawan, Vishal Bharadwaj, Dibakar Banerjee, Rajkumar Hirani, Anurag Kashyap, and Sanjay Leela Bhansali who are approaching with their own particular corner to charm the taste of the propelled Indian crowds – both in the rustic and urban segments.

Indian film, in resentment all its obsessions, has dependably been a mirror picture of the social, socioeconomic and the political change that rose in the country. Here’s longing the Indian Film industry an extraordinary 100thbirthday and trusting that they bear on their sublime past by enlivening us precisely the way they have been doing it effectively for as far back as ten decades.

Dibyendu Paul

Dibyendu Paul is the Developer and owner of Rhododendron.in, he is working with Nokia Networks. Besides his hectic schedule he likes writing about Cinema, Photography, Travel and art; mostly finer aspects of life.

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Dibyendu PaulA Quick Scan on Indian Cinema: Then and Now

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